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Department of Vector Ecology and Environment

Department of Vector Ecology and EnvironmentOur research interests include anything from ecology to molecular biology of medically important arthropods, particularly mosquitoes that transmit diseases such as malaria and dengue. We are also interested in their relationships with environmental variables and development of environmentally friendly vector control tools.

Members

  • Professor Noboru Minakawa
  • Associate Professor Hitoshi Kawada
  • Assistant Professor Toshihiko Sunahara
  • Assistant Professor Yukiko Higa
  • Assistant Professor Takashi Tsunoda
  • Assistant Professor Kyoko Futami
  • Assistant Professor Ataru Tsuzuki
  • Assistant Professor Hu Jinping
  • Assistant Chiaki Tsurukawa
  • Assistant Naomi Sano
  • Assistant Junko Sakemoto
  • Graduate Student Koji Yamada
  • Graduate Student Huynh Thi Thuy Trang
  • Graduate Student Nozomi Imanishi
  • Graduate Student Sai Zaw Min Oo
  • Graduate Student Yang Chao
  • Graduate Student Nayu Sukehiro
  • Graduate Student Yasue Morimoto

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Activities

Dengue vectors

As dengue vectors are extending their geographic distribution, the spread of the disease is being concerned. It has been suspected that the expansion of vector distribution is due to environmental factors such as climate change. We are currently mapping their geographical distributions in South East Asia and Africa, and examining the relationships with environmental factors.

Malaria vectors

We are examining ecological and physiological differences among the members within the Anopheles gambiae complex group and the Anopheles funestus group in Kenya and Malawi. We are also investigating their geographic distributions, and monitoring their abundance in East Africa. This extensive field survey was designed to understand the effects of climate and develop a climate base malaria prediction model.

Vector control measures

The coverage of insecticide treated bed nets (ITNs) has considerably increased in Africa. We are investigating whether local residents properly use and maintain ITNs, and how long ITNs last. We are also investigating the effects of bed nets on the species composition of vectors and their behavior, and monitoring their insecticide resistance in East Africa.

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